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Wine Bottle Sizes

You often hear about a "Magnum of Champagne". How big is a magnum? How about the even larger bottles? Learn them all!

NameRegionsSize
Half BottleAll375 ml
Normal BottleAll
(bit more for Champagne)
750 ml
MagnumAll2 bottles
Marie-JeanAll3 bottles
Double MagnumAll4 bottles
JeroboamBurgundy, Champagne4 bottles
JeroboamBordeaux, Cabernet Sauvignon6 bottles
RehoboamBurgundy, Champagne6 bottles
ImperialBordeaux, Cabernet Sauvignon8 bottles
MethuselahBurgundy, Champagne8 bottles
SalmanazarBurgundy, Champagne12 bottles
BalthazarBurgundy, Champagne16 bottles
NebuchadnezzarBurgundy, Champagne20 bottles


Wineries only figured out how to use cork in the 1700s, so these bottle types were definitely not used before then. One of the names is in fact a person from the 1700s so the names were thought up after that person became well known. Before cork, wine was stored in barrels, casks and amphorae and poured out as needed for drinking.

Some wine experts pinpoint the first use of a large bottle name as being 1725, with a special, quadrupal size wine bottle being created in Bordeaux. They named that bottle the Jeroboam because they felt it was so massive. As time went on, other bottle sizes were created for special events. It appears the names come from the works of Eugene Destuche, a famous poet from the Champagne of the middle ages.

Magnum
A simple name, this is the Latin term for "large". It's 1.5 liters of wine.

Marie-Jean
Named after a wine enthusiast from the 1700s. This is 2.25 liters of wine.

Jeroboam
Note that the term 'jerry can', often used for those fuel canisters with squared-off sides, comes from the term jeroboam. They hold about 5 gallons. A jeroboam of Burgundy and Champagne contains about 3 liters of wine. The Jeroboam of Bordeaux or Cab holds about 4.5 liters of wine. Jeroboam was the first king of Northern Israel.

Glassware in History Page


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